Taharah Purity in Islam
Lesson # 1
Importance of Taharah (Purity)
Regarding cleanliness, Allah the Almighty says in the Holy Qur’an:
- “Surely Allah loves those who turn to Him and those who care for cleanliness.” (Surah Al-Baqarah: Verse 222)
- Our Holy Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.) said:-“Purity is half of faith.” (Muslim)
- “The key to Heaven is the prayer. And the key to prayer is cleanliness.” (Ahmad)
- None should touch the Quran unless they are pure. (al-Mu’jam al-Kabīr)
Introduction to Najasat (impurity)
Q1. What is Taharah?
- The word “Taharah” means cleanliness or purification.
- In Shariah, it refers specifically to one’s body and clothes (and the place where one performs the Salah – prayer).
Q2. What is personal hygienic in Islam?
Personal hygienic very important in Islam: a Muslim should always keep him/herself and the clothes clean from impurities such as urine, blood, pus, emetic, 15 prostatic fluids, stool/excrement, etc.
Q3. What are preventions for a person in age of adolescence?
When you have reached the age of adolescence you should shave the private parts of the body (i.e. arm pits and genital region) to remove impurities and to prevent carrying germs, dirt, etc.
Q4. How many types of impurities (Najasats) are there?
There are two types of impurities,
- ‘Najasat Hukmi’.
- ‘Najasat Haqiqiya’.
Q5. What is Najasat-e-Hukmi?
Najaasat-e-Hukmi; this is impurity that is not visible to the human eye.
Q6. How many types of Najast-e-Hukmi?
There are two types of Najasat Hukmi,
- Hadath-e-Asgar. (Small)
- Hadath-e-Akbar. (large)
Q7. How does the body become clean from hadath-e-Asgar?
Hadath-e-Asgar: this is lesser impurity and you have to do the Wazu. Examples are: urine, stool, blood, wind, vomiting (mouthful) fainting, intoxication, pus, laughing during Salaat, sleeping with support and lying down, unconsciousness.
Q8. How can we clean our body from Hadath-e-Akbar?
Hadath-e-Akbar: this is greater impurity and you have to do the Ghusal (ritual bath).
Examples are: discharge of semen (whether during sleep or not), menstruation, after birth of a baby, and after relations between husband and wife.
Q9. What is Najasat-e-Haqiqiya?
This is impurity that is visible and apparent to the human eye.
Q10. How many types of Najasat-e-Haqiqiya?
It consists of two kinds:
Q11. What is Ghalizah?
Ghalizah; this is heavy impurity that covers the body being half an inch and you have to wash the body and clothes three times each.
- Human blood,
- Semen and pus,
- Human urine and excrement,
- Menstrual blood,
- Spillage of alcohol on the body or clothes,
- Excrement and blood of animals,
- Ducks and hens droppings,
- The saliva of some animals (e.g. dogs).
Q12. What is Khafifah?
Khafifah; this is light impurity that covers the body or clothes 1/4th and for this too, you must wash the body and clothes three times.
- Urine of Halaal (permitted) animals,
- The droppings of Haraam(prohibited, e.g. birds of prey) animals
- The droppings of Halaal birds(i.e. it has a bad smell).
ACTIONS FORBIDDEN WITHOUT WAZUOR TAYAMMUM (DRY ABLUTION)
Lesson # 2
Cleanliness (Purity) of the Body
Lesson # 3
Cleanliness (Purity) of the wearing dress
Lesson # 4
Cleanliness (Purity) of the Place of Worship