Tajweed complete Book

Link for 

Tajweed Book Complete

Tajweed complete Book

Introduction to Tajweed

Lesson # 1

  1. Introduction to Tajweed

Lesson # 2

  1. Importance of Tajweed
  2. Types of mistakes during tilawat

Lesson # 3

  1. (Makhraj) Arabic Alphabets
  2. Use of Musta’liya(Bold) letters

Lesson # 4

  1. Muqat’Aat Letters(Abbreviated)

Lesson # 5

  1. Use of Harkaat

Lesson # 6

  1. Use of Tanween

Lesson # 7

  1. Use of Standing Erabs

Lesson # 8

  1. Use of Maddah letter

Lesson # 9

  1. Use of Sakoon(Jazam)
  2. Leen Letters

Lesson # 10

  1. Rules of Madd

Lesson # 11

  1. Use of Qalqala

Lesson # 12

  1. Use of Tashdeed

Lesson # 13

  1. Use of Ghunnah
  2. Rules of RAA

Lesson # 14

  1. Rules of noon Saakin & Tanween
  2. Use of Noon Qutni

Lesson # 15

  1. Rules of Meem Saakin
  2. Bold and Thin Sound about Allah word

Lesson # 16

  1. Silent Letters
  2. Use of Amala
  3. Use of Hamza
  4. Use of Alif

Lesson # 17

  1. Waqf Instructions
  2. Ramoz-E-Owqaaf (Punctuations marks)

Lesson # 18

  1. Sajda-e-tilawat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesson # 1

 

Introduction to Tajweed

Q1. What is the Definition of Tajweed?

The word Tajweed is derived from the Arabic root ‘jawwada’ which means to make well, or to improve.

  1. Tajweed is a knowledge which tells about roots of the letters, their conditions, method of reading.
  2. Tajweed is a knowledge which tells us grammar and language rules of Quran.

Note: We must be informed with the basic rules of tajweed.

 

Q2.  What is Tajweed History?

The Quran was revealed with tajweed rules applied to it. In other words, when the angel Jibrael (Alaihis salam) recited the words of Allah to the Prophet Muhammadﷺ he recited them in a certain way and he showed the Prophet (ﷺ) the ways in which it was permissible to recite the Quran. Prophet teaches Quran to his companions with rules.

When the Arab started mixing with non-Arab as Islam spread, mistakes in Quran recitation started appearing. So the scholars had to record the rules.

Q3. Why Tajweed is recorded?

At the time of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) there was no need for people to study tajweed because they talked with what us now known as tajweed so it was natural for them. When the Arab started mixing with non-Arab as Islam spread, mistakes in Quran recitation started appearing. So the scholars had to record the rules.

Q4. What is the benefit of recording Tajweed?

Now, because everyday Arabic that Arabs speaks has changed so much from the classical Arabic with which the Quran was revealed, it then became   compulsory for rules that would preserve the recitation of the Quran from mistakes. And today every person reads Quran in one way.

 

Q5. What is the Tajweed Law for Learning and reading?

Knowledge of tajweed is fardh kifayaah, (Meaning some of the Muslim community must know it)

Its application is fardh ‘ain, (Required by all Muslims).

Q6. How many Methods of Qira’at?

There are three method of the recitation for the holy Quran.

Tarteel: Tarteel means to recite the holy Quran very slowly with beautiful tune according to the rules of tajweed.

Tadweer: Tadweer means to recite the holy Quran neither too slowly nor too speedily but to adopt the middle speed according to the rules of tajweed.

 

Hadar: Hadar means, fast like namaaz-e-taraweeh during the month of Ramazan according to the rules of tajweed.

Note: Tajweed is most honored of us because it’s related to Quran.

 

Lesson # 2

Importance of Tajweed

Q1. How Prophet Muhammad  (ﷺ) recites the Quran?

Allah Says in the Holy Quran:

  1. “And recite the Holy Quran slowly and thoughtfully”. (Al-Muzammil V-4)
  2. Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) used to recite the Quran in slow, measured, rhythmic tones as Allah had instructed him, not hurried, but rather “he would recite a surah in such slow rhythmic tones that it would be longer that it would seem possible.” (Muslim)
  3. He said “He who does not recite the Quran in a pleasant tone is not of us.” (Abu Dawud)

 

 

 

Mistakes during Tilawat

Q2. How many types of mistakes during reading Quran?

Two

Q3. What are the types of mistakes?

  1. Apparent mistakes in recitation. (Lahn Al Jali)
  2. Hidden mistakes in recitation. (Lahn Al Khaffi)

Q4. What the thing breaks apparent mistake (Lahn Al Jali)?

Apparent mistakes breaks Arabic language and grammar rules.

Q5. What happen when we do apparent mistakes?

These mistakes may change the meaning of the ayah.

These are mistakes in:

Changing the vowels, For example changing the Zabar into Zair .

 

Mispronouncing the letter, For example; Zaal letter read as Zaa, Saa letter read as Seen letter etc.

For example; “O Beloved Prophet! Say Allah is One”

If any person will say کل ھو اللہ احد    It means eat, Allah is One.

Q6. What is the Hukam if some on change the letter or change the vowel on purpose?

If these mistakes are on purpose . This type of recitation is haram by the agreement of all Muslims and the reciter will be punished.

Q7. What is the Hukam if someone does change the letter or change the vowel accidently?

If some on accidently changing the vowels or changing the letters then this is not part of the haram ruling.

Q8. What are Hidden mistakes in recitation (Lahn Al Khaffi)?

Hidden mistakes are tajweed rule mistakes.

 

Q9. What are the affects of the tajweed rules mistakes?

There is no affect on doing Tajweed rules mistakes.

These are mistakes in:

Maddah Letters mistakes , Qalaqalah rules mistake.etc

 

Q10. What is the Hukam if someone does tajweed rules mistakes?

These mistakes are not punishable, but one making them should fear from angriness of Almighty Allah.

May Allah protect us from this.

Q11. How many groups are those who recite the holy Quran?

An Islamic scholar Ibn-E- Al-Jazaree divided those that recite the Quran into three groups:

  1. He that is good and rewarded; He who learned and recites the Quran through a correct chain.
  2. Struggles in recitation or tongue doesn’t obey; He is excused and rewarded and should continue to correct his recitation.
  3. Sinful-reads; according to his opinion, and does not listen to anyone trying to correct him.

Lesson # 3

بسم اللہ الحمن الرحیم

In the Name of Allah Almighty, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

(Makhraj) the Arabic Letters

Arabic Pronunciation

Makharaj:

The place of mouth from where a letter comes out is called makhraj. They come out from 17 makhraj and there are 29 Arabic letters.

 

  1. The makhraj of ALIF:(  ا)

 The makhraj of Alif comes out from the empty space of mouth.For example Alif is reading like this

 

  1. The makhraj of HAMZA-HAA: (ء-ھ)

The makhraj of Hamza-Haa comes out from that part of the throat which is nearest to chest. For example: Hamzah is reading like this

                                                                                                 

For Example: Haa ه is reading like this

 

  1. The Makharj of A’Ain-H’AA: (ع-ح)

The makhraj of A’in and Haa comes out from the center of throat.            For example: ع A’ain is reading like this

 

For example: Haa ح is reading like this

 

  1. The Makhraj of GHAIN-KHAA: (غ-خ)

 The Makhraj of Ghain-Khaa comes out from that part of throat which is nearest to mouth “Khaa” has vibrating sound. For example:

Ghain غ is reading like this

 

For example: Khaa خ is reading like this

 

 

 

  1. The Makhraj of QAAF: ق))

The makhraj of “Qaaf” comes out when the raised back portion of tongue touches the top of mouth. “Qaaf” will read bold. For example: Qaaf ق is reading like this

 

 

  1. The Makhraj of KAAF: ( ک)

The makhraj of “Kaaf” comes out when the lower back portion of the   tongue touches the top of mouth. For example: Kaaf ك is reading like this

 

  1. The Makhraj of JEEM-SHEEN-YAA: ( ج  شی)

The makhraj of “Jeem-Sheen-Yaa” comes out when the center of the tongue touches the top of the mouth. These letters will be read hard. For example: Jeem ج is reading like this

 

For example; Sheen ش is reading like this

 

For example: Yaa ي is reading like this is reading like this

 

  1. The Makhraj of DAAd: ( ض)

The makhraj of “DAAD”comes out when the side of the tongue touches the roots of the top back teeth. It will be read as bold. For example: Daad ض is reading like this

                                                                                              

 

 

  1. The Makhraj of LAAM: ( ل)

The makhraj of “LAAM”comes out when the front of tongue touches the gums of all the top teeth. For example: Laam ل is reading like this

 

 

  1. The Makhraj of Noon: ( ن)

The makhraj of “NOON” comes out when the edge of the tongue touches the gums of the top four teeth. For example: Noon ن  is reading like this is reading like this

 

  1. The Makhraj of RAA: ( ر)

The Makhraj of Raa come out when the edge of the top portion of the    tongue touches the gums of all the top teeth, It will be bold sometimes normal. For example: ر Raa is reading like this

                                                                                                                              

  1. The Makhraj of DAAl-TAA-TUAA: ( د- ت- ط)

The makhraj of “DAAl-TAA-TUAA” comes out when the tip of the tongue touches the two top front teeth.“DAAL” will read normal, “TAA” will read soft, “TUAA” will read bold.

For example: Daal د is reading like this

 

For example: Taa ت is reading like this

                                                                                                                   

For example: Tua ط is reading like this

                                                                                                                      

 

  1. The Makhraj of ZHAAL-THAA- ZAU: (ظذ- ث)

The Makhraj of “ZHAAL-THAA- ZAU” comes out when the tip of tongue touches the edge of the two top front teeth. “ZAU” will read bold, “THAA” will read light,“ZHAAL”  will read normal.

For example: Zaal ذ  is reading like this

 

For example: Thaa ث is reading like this

                                                                                                                                        

For example: Zuaa ظ is reading like this

 

  1. The Makhraj of ZAA-SEEN-SAAD: ( ص-ز- س-)

The Makhraj of ZAA-SEEN-SAAD comes out when the tip of the tongue touches the edge of the two top and two bottom”front teeth.

“ZAA” read hard sound ,”SAAD” read bold ,”Seen” gives Whistling sound.

For example: Zaa ز is reading like this

                                                                                                                                 

For example: Seen س is reading like this

                                                                                                                                

For example: Saad ص is reading like this

 

  1. The Makhraj of-FAA: ( ف)

The Makhraj of”FAA” comes out when the edge of the two top front teeth touches the inside of the bottom lip. “FAA”will read soft. For example: Faa ف is reading like this

                                                                                                                                     

 

  1. The Makhraj of BAA-Meem-WAo: ( و-م ب)

The Makhraj of”BAA-Meem-WAo” comes out from the lips.

“BAA” comes out when the wet part of both lips meet.

“MEEm” comes out when the dry part of both lips meet.

“WAO”comes out when both lips don’t touch complete; it will be in round shape.

For example: Baa ب is reading like this

                                                                                                                               

For example: Meem م is reading like this

                                                                                                                                    

For example: Wow و is reading like this

                                                                                                                                                  

  1. The Makhraj of GHUNNAh:

 The makhraj of Ghunnah comes out from the nose.For example:

                                                                                                      

Use of Musta’liya letter

(Bold/thicker)

Q1. What is mean by musta’liya letters?

The letters having bold sound is called bold letters; we read them with full mouth. These are seven in number.

ظ ق ط غ ض ص خ

There combination is:

 

 

Note: if the bold letter is followed by an Alif then the Alif must also be  pronounced with a full mouth (bold)

Note: Raa letter is also bold in some conditions.

Lesson # 4

Muqat’Aat Letters

(Abbreviated Letters)

Q1. What is Muqat’Aat Letters?

Beginning of the Surah with independent letters from the Arabic alphabet, which are attached to each other like ordinary words.

Whose knowledge Allah has kept only for Himself .

Q2. How to read Muqat’Aat letter?

The individual letters have to be pronounced by reading out their respective names. The length of each letters’ prolongation will be by the symbol.       For example:

(Alif Laammeem)    Kaaaaaf  Haaa  Yaaa  Aiiiiin  Saaaad

 

 

(Alif Laammeem)   Kaaaaaf Haaa Yaaa Aiiiiin Saaaad

Q3. How many Muqat’Aat Letters?

The number of letters mentioned at the beginning of the Surahs is fourteen:

Alif, Lam, Mim, Sad, Ra, Kaf, Ha, Ya, `Ayn, Tua, Sin, Ha, Qaf, Nun

 

 

 

 

 

Lesson # 5

BASIC TERMINOLOGIES USED IN QURAN

Use of Harkaat

Movements (Vowel Marks)

  1. Zabar/Fatah, Zair/Kasra, paish/Dammah, We call Harkat.
  2. If any letter has harkat we call that letter mutahar’rik letter.
  3. We don’t make long mutahar’rik letter.
  4. Whenever mutahar’rik letter connect or joint to other letter then also we don’t make long mutahar’rik letter.
  5. The “ZABAR” Sound is “A”, “Zair” Sound is “E” & “Paish” Sound is “U”.For example:
  6. Harkat is equal to Half of Alif.
  7. 4.

 

Lesson # 6

Use of Tanween

double Zabar double Zair double Paish

  1. Double zabar, double zair, double paish we call them Tanween(each).
  2. A letters is having tanween is called “munawwan”.
  3. Tanween is always comes in the end of the word.
  4. Tanween is equal to Noon saakin.
  5. We don’t say Alif when we spelling For example, baa has Alif letter with it Alif will not be read Baa two Zabar ban.

(Not baa Alif two zabar ban)

 

 

 

 

For example:

Tanween(Nunnation) Example
an أَنْ an بً ban ﺑَﻦْ ban
un أُنْ un بٌ bun ﺑُﻦْ bun
in أِنْ in بٍ bin ﺑِﻦْ bin

 

Lesson # 7

Use of Standing Erabs

Khari (Vertical) Zabar

  1. The khari (vertical) Zabar is equal to Zabar and Alif (Alif Maddah).
  2. Whenever (vertical) khari Zabar comes then we do stretch the letter for 2 harkat = one Alif almost.
  3. Khari (Vertical) Zabar is also equal to Madd-e-Munfasil. For example:

=        =

All ‘meem’ are equal here

Khari (Vertical) Zair

  1. Khari (Vertical) Zair is equal to “Yaa” letter and “Sukoon”(Ya Maddah).
  2. Whenever khari (vertical) Zair comes then we do stretch the letter for 2 harkat = one Alif almost. For example:

=Haa is equal to Haa and yaa

Ulta (inverted) Paish

  1. Ulta (Inverted) paish is equal to “WAO” and “Sukoon” (Wao maddah).
  2. Whenever standing Paish comes then we do stretch the letter for 2 harkat = one Alif almost. For example:

=  Haa is equal to Haa and wow

Lesson # 8

Common Rules of Tajweed

Maddah letters: (Vowels)

Q1. Which letters are the vowels of Arabic language ?

Maddah letters are the vowels of the Arabic language.

Q2. What is the meaning of Madd?

Madd means Prolonged.

Q3. How many letters of  Maddah?

There are three letter of  Madd. ALIF, WAO, YAA.

Alif    ا –    Wao      و -Yaa    ی

Q4. When Alif,Wao,and Yaa letter is called Maddah?

ALIF, WAO, YAA letters are called Maddah in a specific condition.

Q5. What is Madd-e-asli mean?

To prolong ALIF, WAO, YAA letters with specific condition is called Madd-e-Asli.

Alif Maddah

Q6. What is Alif Maddah?

When Alif has no harkat or sukoon and the letter before ALIF has Zbar/fatha on it then letter ALIF is called Alif Maddah, and will be prolong for 2 harkat = one Alif almost. For example:

Note: ALIF Maddah is equal to khari (vertical) Zabar.

Wao Maddah

Q7. What is Wao Maddah?

When wao  has sukoon and the letter before WAO has  paish/damma on it then letter WAO is called Wao maddah, and will prolong for 2 harkat = one Alif almost.

Note: WAO Maddah is equal to Ulta(inverted) paish. For example

Yaa Maddah

Q8. What is Yaa Maddah?

When YAA has sukoon and the letter before YAA has zair / kasra on it then letter yaa is called Ya Maddah, and will be prolong for for 2 harkat = one Alif almost.

Note: YAA Maddah is equal to Khare zair. For example:

Lesson # 9

Use of Sakoon

Jazam (non Vowel)

  1. 1. The sukoon is always above the letter.
  2. 2. A letter with a sukoon is known as Saakin.
  3. 3. The saakin letter is sounded by the Mutaharrik letter preceding it.
  4. 4. We don’t make long the saakin letter. Except(wao maddah) and (Yaa maddah).
  5. If saakin letter is the first letter of the word, then we will joint with before letter and read together in one breath.
  6. When the saakin is at top of hamza, then letter hamza will be read with jerk. For example:
  7. 4. 2.4.5

Leen Letters

Q1. What are the Leen letters?

There is two Leen letters , Wao and Yaa.We read them soft also we don’t make long leen letters.

 

Q2. What is Wao Leen?

When wao has sakoon and letter before wao, it has zabar there will be Wao Leen. We read then with soft sound.

For example,

Q3. What is Yaa Leen?

When Yaa has sakoon and letter before Yaa, it has zabar there will be Ya Leen. We read Yaa Leen with soft sound.

For example,

Lesson # 10

Rules of Madd

Q1. What is the meaning of Madd?

Madd means long.

Q2. When is madd letters long?

It is to make the madd letters long under some conditions.

Q3. How many beats madd long?

A Madd can be prolonged from two to six beats depending upon its kind.

Q4. What is the reason of  Madd?

There is two reason of Madd.

  1. Hamza
  2. Sakoon

Q5. What are the letters of Madd?

There is 3 Letters of madd Alif,Wao,Yaa.

 

 

Q6. How many kinds of Madd?

There are four basic kinds of madd.

1) (Madd-E-Muttasil)Long Madd

2) (Madd-E-Munfasil) Short Madd

3) (Madd-E-Lazim) Compulsory Madd

4) (Madd-E-Aarid) Temporary Madd

Q7. What is the Madd-e-Muttasil ?

The Madd-E-Muttasil is in which after maddah letters hamza is in the same word. We prolong this madd for Maximum 6 counts. For example:

Q8. What is Madd-E-Munfasil?

The Madd-E-Munfasil is in which after maddah letters hamza is in the Next word.We prolong it for 2 to 4 counts. For example:

 

Q9. What is Madd-e-lazim?

If after maddah letter or Leen letters there is sukoon or Tashdeed in the same word or starting of the next word.It is prolonged for 4 to 5 counts. For example:

Q10. What is Madd-E-Aarid?

The Madd in which after maddah or Leen letter there  is stopping. Then last letter will be change into sakoon.

The harkat of the last letter of the word will be change into sukoon. It is called Madd E Aarith Waqfi. It is also optional and prolonged 4 to six measures of harkat. For example:

 

 

Lesson # 11

Use of Qalqala

Q1. What is Qalqalah mean?

Jerking (movement).

Q2. What are the Qalqalah Letters?

There are five Qalqla letter.

د ج ب ط ق

 

Combination of the letters of Qalqala or collection of letters .  قطب جد

Q3. When Qalqalah happen ?

When the Qalqalah letters has sukoon or tashdeed on it and before is mutaharrik letter, it will be read with echoing or jerking sound.

We shall pronounce them with more force. For example:

 

Lesson # 12

Use of Tashdeed

  1. The meaning of Tashdeed is twice.
  2. When a letter having tashdeed we call “mushadad”.
  3. The tashdeed indicates the repetition of letter.
  4. Mushad’dad letter join with before letter, then second time itself.
  5. We read mushad’dad letter with reinforcement and will be read with power. For example:

Lesson # 13

Use of Ghunnah

The Rule of Raa

Q1. What is noon ghunnah and meem ghunnah?

Saying the voice of meem and Noon completely into the nose for a while is called ghunnah. It is a nasal sound which is pronounced without movement of the tongue. For example;   or )

 

The Rule of Raa

  1. When Raa (ر) comes with Zabar-Fatah or Paish-Dhamah on it, Raa should be pronounced with full mouth. For example:

                                                                                          

 

And

When Raa(ر) comes with Zair-Kasrah then it should be pronounced with an empty mouth. For example:

2– When a Zabar-Fatah or Paish-Dhama comes before (Raa Saakin) then Raa Saakin will be pronounced with a full mouth. For example:

                                                                                     

 

3– When a Zair-kasrah comes before (Raa Saakin) then it will be pronounced with an empty mouth. For example:

4– When Raa has Tashdeed on it, either Zabar-Fatah or Paish-Dhama it will be pronounced with a full mouth. For example:

 

5– When Raa has Tashdeed on it with Zair-kasra, then it will be pronounced with an empty mouth. For example:

6– When last letter of stoping is Raa , and before Raa is Yaa saakin, then the Raa will be pronounced with empty mouth. For example:

7– When last letter of stoping is Raa and before any other than a (Yaa saakin) then it will be pronounce with a full mouth. For example:

Note

For two zabar , two zair , two paish having same rule of  zabar zair paish.

 

And

For  Standing  Zabar-standing  zair-Standing Paish having same rules of Zabar-Zair-Paish.

                                                                                                                                  

Lesson # 14

Rules of Noon Saakin & Tanween

Q1. What is Noon Saakin?

The Noon letter having sakoon sign on it, we will call Noon Saakin.

Q2.What is Tanween?

Double zabar, double zair, double paish we call tanween.

Note; Noon saakin and tanween has same sound. For example:

 

Tanween(Nunnation) Example
an أَنْ an بً ban ﺑَﻦْ ban
un أُنْ un بٌ bun ﺑُﻦْ bun
in أِنْ in بٍ bin ﺑِﻦْ bin

 

Q3. How many rules are Noon Saakin and Tanween?

Rules of Noon Saakin and Tanween are 4.

IZHAR (الاظھار)

IDGHAM (الادغام)

IQLAB (القلب)

IKHFA (الاخفاء)

IZHAR (الاظھار)

Q4.What is Izhar mean?

It means explanation, clarification.

Q5. When is Izhaar happen?

1– If after ن saakin or tanween ( Double zabar, Double zair, Double paish)

2– There appears any of the following six letters حروف الخلق

Q6. How many letter of Izhaar (haroof Halqiya)?

The haroof-e-Halqi are also called throat Letters.

ح       خ       ع       غ      ء      ھ

Q7. How to read Izhaar?

Then the ن sound should be pronounced clearly, without ghunnah. Noon will not read from nose.

For example: the following are examples of الاظھار

                                                                                             

IDGHAM (الادغام)

Q8. What is Idgham mean?

It means to mix or put one thing into another.

Q9. How many types of Idgham?

There are two types of Idgham.

  1. Idgham with Ghunna: ي م و ن
  2. Idgham without Ghunna: ل ر

Q10. What is Idgham with Ghunna?

If after noon Saakin or tanween there appear any of  the following 4 letters, there will be idgham with ghunnah. ي م و ن

Q11. How to read Idgham with Ghunna?

Noon saakin and tanween will be mix-up with the following letters for 2 beats and pronounce with ghunnah. For example:

 

Q12. What is Idgham without Ghunna?

If after noon Saakin or tanween there appear any of the following 2 letters, there will be idgham without ghunnah. ل      ر   

Q13. How to read Idgham without Ghunna?

Skip the the noon and tanween and pronounce the ل and ر without ghunnah.

For example:

IQLAB (القلب)

Q14. What is Iqlab mean?

To turn the face of something .

It means to change the sound of the letter with another letter.

Q15. When is Iqlab happen?

1– If after noon saakin or tanween

2– There comes ب

Q16. How to read Iqlab?

 Then noon and tanween Sound is converted to hidden meem م and will be recited with Ghunna for 2 beats. For example:

 

IKHFA (الاخفاء)

Q17. What is Ikhfa mean?

It is hiding, concealing or covering.

The sound of Noon saakin or tanween is hiding with little ghunnah.

Q18. When is ikhfa happen?

1– If after noon saakin or tanween

2– Except Throat letter, Yarmaloon letter, and Baa, Any other letter appears.

Q19. How many Ikhfa Letters?

There are 15 letters

 

Q20. How to read ikhfaa?

The word must be hide with a light Nasal Sound in the nose. Duration is 2 to 3 beats of nasal sound. For example:

 

Noon Qutni

Q21. What is the definition of Noon Qutni and how to read?

Noon Qutni is a small noon between two words.

Conditon 1: When a small Noon (noon Qutni) comes between the middle of the verse, then Noon shoul be pronounce.

Conditon 2: If a small Noon (noon Qutni) comes starting of the verse, then Noon will not be pronounce.For example:

Note: after noon qutni the first letter of harkat will be the symbol of noon qutni’s symbol. Like in 1 example: after noon Laam has zabar so it will

be Allazi, similarly other example is also same reading after stop.

  1. 2.

 

Lesson # 15

RULES OF MEEM SAAKIN

Q1. How many rules of Meem Sakin?

They are three rules of Meem Saakin.

  1. Idgham-e-Shafawi
  2. Ikhfa-e-Shafawi
  3. Izhar-e-Shafawi

 

Q2. What is idgham-e-Shafawi mean?

It means to mix up or enter one thing into another.

Q3. When is idgham-e-Shafawi happen?

When after meem saakin there is another meem appear, there will be Idgham e shafawi.

Q4. How to read idgham-e-Shafawi?

Meem Saakin will be mixing up with other meem, with ghunnah(from Nose equal to two beats). For example: 

Q5. What is ikhfa-e-Shafawi mean?

It means Hide, so it is the meaning of Hiding of sound.

Q6. When is ikhfa-e-Shafawi happen?

When after Meem Saakin letter ب   comes it will be Ikhfa e shafawi.

 

Q7. How to read is ikhfa-e-Shafawi?

Reading: Meem will hide with light nasal sound (duration 2beats)

For example:

Q8. What is izhar-e-Shafawi mean?

It means clear. (clear Meem)

 

Q9. When is izhar-e-Shafawi happen?

When after Meem Saakin there comes any of the 26 letters without ب   and م Then there will be Izhar Shafawi.

Q10. How to read izhar-e-Shafawi?

We will read letter meem very clear without ghunnah. For example:

Bold Sound with Allah word

Q11. What is Bold Sound?

When a letter has Zabar or paish and comes before Allah word, it will be pronounced with bold sound. For example:

Thin sound with Allah word

Q12. What is Thin Sound?

When a letter has Zair and comes before the Allah word. It will be pronounced with a thin-soft sound. For example:

 

 

 

Lesson # 16

Silent Letters

Q1. What are the silent letters?

The letters having no sign on them (empty letters) are called silent letters. Since they do not produce any sound of their own therefore they should be overlooked.

 

 

Amaala

Q2. What is amaala?

To incline the sound of zabar towards the zair and the sound of alif towards yaa is called Amaala. It is used in the Quran only 1 place (Surah Hood,Verse-41 Para-12) We change this word from  to Majray’ha, instead MajreeReehaa.

Use of Hamza

Q3. When Ailf works as Hamza?

If Alif letter has anything on it any symbol then letter alif will called hamza, Alif is always empty. For example:

Q4. What is Hamzatul-Qat’e?

This regular hamza at the beginning of a word is called the “disconnecting hamza”

هَمْزَةُ القَطْعِ). This is often an original letter and it must be pronounced always.

Q5. What is Hamzatul-Wasl?

The other type of hamza which lacks the sign ء is called the “connecting hamza”

هَمْزَةُ الوَصْلِ) . That one is never an original letter and it is only pronounced when it is the first thing that comes out of the mouth. That is, a consonant that is not followed by any vowel. For example:

Note: when double Zabar/Double zair comes on Alif then hamza is underneath it and pronounce it.

Use of Alif

Q6. When is Alif not pronouncing?

If Alif is following a letter with tashdeed or jazam the Alif is not pronounced.

For example:

 

Q7. What is Alif Zaa’id?

Few words in the Quran in which Alif is not pronounced even though letter Alif overlook. This is Called “AlifZaa’id”. It has no value nor affected on any word or letter.

In the Quran usually such words have symbols (o) on Alif. For example:

 

Lesson # 17

Waqf Instructions

Stop

  1. Waqf means to stop. When you Stop, you must break voice and breath.
  2. If at waqf the last letter of word has any of these zbar/zair/paish or double zair/double paish then the waqf will be treat as saakin (we will make “saakin” the last letter of the word).

For example;

 

  1. If at waqf the last letter of the word has sakoon, we will treat last letter as Saakin. (no changes). For example;
  2. If at waqf there is a Ulta(inverted)paish and khare(vertical) zair at the last, then we will make saakin. For example;

 

 

  1. If at waqf there is a khare zabar at the last letter of the word or second last letter of the word then we will read normal “no changes”. For example;
  2. If at waqf Alif is the last letter of the word and second last letter bearing zabar, then we will read normal. For example;
  3. If at waqf, Alif is the last letter of the word and second last letter bearing double zabar then we will drop one zabar and read with one zabar. For example;
  4. If at waqf there is small “TAA” with any sign, then it will be change into small “Haa” with sakoon sign. For example;

 

  1. If at waqf the last letter of the word is “YAA” and second last letter bearing

(Zabar, Double Zabar, khari(vertical)Zabar) then we will treat,as we treat alif.

For example;

 

  1. If at waqf the last letter of the word is mushaddad , then tashdeed will be remain but the harkat will be change into sakoon.

 

Ramoz-e-Owqaaf

Punctuation Marks

Waqf  means to stop. When you stop, you must break voice and breath.

  1. Waqf-E-Taam: (o)

This is waqf-e-Taam in English called full stop. Whenever small circle comes we do full stop. It comes at the end of ayah.For example:

  1. Waqf-E-Laazim: ()

This is a waqf-E-Laazim in English called compulsory stop. Whenever small “meem” comes we must stop, must break both voice and breath. This is split “meem”   For example:

  1. Waqf-E-Jaiz: ( ج)

This is waqf-E-Jaiz in English called optional stop. Whenever we see small “Jeem” we do stop at this point. For example:

  1. Waqf-E-Mutlaq: (ط)

This is waqf-E-Mutlaq in English called better to stop. Whenever it comes we do stop. For example:

  1. Waqf-E-Laa: (لا)

This is waqf-E-Laa in English called do not stop. Whenever it comes we must not stop. For example:

  1. Better not to stop: (ک)-( ز)-(ق) (ص) (صلی) (قف) )

These are all marks indicates (Better not to stop).

                                                                                            

  1. Qad Yousalu: (صل)

This is a Qad Yousalu in English called may or may not stop.

 

  1. Waqfa and Sakta stop: (وقفہ) (س)

This is a waqfa stop in English called short pause and Sakta stop in English called long pause. We do stop on waqfa and sakta without breaking breath. For example:

  1. Muaanqa-Muraqba: (:.)

This is Muanqa Muraqba in English called twins’ stops. Whenever three dots twice appear than stopping at either of the points but not at both .            For example:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesson # 18

Sajda-e-tilawat

Introduction:

There are fourteen places in the Holy QURAN where we see out of the  margin the word.  ( ).

This word indicates that we recited the verse of the sajdah. So we have to perform sajdah. Sajdah Is obliged to perform the both on the reciter  and the listener.

HOW TO PERFORM IT :

  1. It is better to perform this sajdah after the verse is recited but you can delay it but it is a big sin to forget it and ignore it.

 

  1. You must have wadhu (ablution) as you do for the prayer.
  2. Stand on mat just like you stand in the prayers facing the Qiblah and make the intention that you are going to perform the sajdah whose verse you have recited in the Holy QURAN.
  3. Without lifting hands say Allah-o-Akbar and directly go to the sajdah.
  4. Say subhana Rabbi-al-‘a’laa three times,
  5. Then lift up your head saying Allah-o-Akbar. You have done sajda-e-Tilawat.

 

Prepared By:

Teacher Hafiz  Wasim Abbas

onlinequranread@gmail.com

www.onlinequranread.com

Online Quran Read

001 703 879 2317